The Definition of Autism – How Will Possible Changes Affect Special Education Services?

There has been much talk about the potential changes to the Autism Diagnosis in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) when the updated, fifth version is published (the projected date of publication is May of 2013). One of the expected changes is to combine several disorders including, Autism,Asperger’s Syndrome and Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS) into one category called Autism Spectrum Disorder. Although this change concerns some people, most people in the fields of medicine, community services and education already lump these diagnoses together.The major concern is over the potential changes to the specific criteria that people will have to meet to receive the official diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder. In the current manual, a person can qualify for the diagnosis by exhibiting six or more of 12 specified behaviors. The proposed changes to the criteria narrow the field; a person would have to exhibit three or more deficits in social interaction and communication and exhibit at least two repetitive behaviors. The fear is that this will leave out a large group of people who are considered high functioning (including a huge portion of children with the current diagnosis of Asperger’s Syndrome and PDD-NOS). Currently, scientific, trial testing of the new criteria is under way and this data will be used to make final recommendations.Although changes to the diagnosis will likely affect service delivery in the medical field and the community services field they are not projected to make significant changes in the education field because qualification for special education is not based on a particular diagnosis but on educational needs. Currently the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) defines the educational category of Autism as “a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evident before age three, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. Other characteristics often associated with autism are engagement in repetitive activities and stereotyped movements, resistance to environmental change or change in daily routines, and unusual responses to sensory experiences.” Each state has their own interpretation of this law so it is worthwhile to search for your state’s educational definition of Autism.Some people fear that a change to the official DSM diagnosis will give school districts a way to stop or decrease services for certain students who currently qualify for services. If schools attempt to do this, many experts believe that children who are on the higher functioning end of the Autism spectrum may still qualify for special education under the category of Other Health Impaired. It is also important to note that a school district cannot discontinue providing a service such as Speech Therapy or Occupational Therapy unless the child exhibits significant improvement and there is no longer a need for remediation in that area.

Get a Payday Loan If You Do Not Qualify For Your Bad Credit Car Loan

Say you need transportation – a car, and you do not have any cash to make the down payment. Transportation is essential, and so you need to avail it. Getting a guaranteed car loan with little or no cash, and poor credit ratings as well as low credit scores might make you feel buying your car might be next to impossible. Well, the fact is if your financial conditions are not good, you can still avail your car finance and buy your vehicle. One of the options available is the payday loan. It is not that difficult to get such a loan. You need to prepare for the loan by getting some information as to how the loan works, and what the credit facility is all about. The following tries to provide some information regarding payday loans.What are Payday loans?As the name implies, payday loans are temporary credit facilities, which can be availed against your monthly pay. The process includes three easy steps, before you can get the cash. Individuals having poor credit ratings can also apply for payday loans. The main processes involved are:o First of all, it is required to fill up the online application form. Information like the applicants address, contact number, present employment details, monthly income, and bank details need to be mentioned within the online application. Once the form is filled up, it is important to submit it in the proper way as specified by the company.o Once the form is submitted, the system tries to match your application details with appropriate loan providers and credit lenders, who usually support car loan for bad credit. The system also determines the probability of you getting the loan based upon your current credit ratings and scores, and prepares a list of probable moneylenders.o It is recommended you check out the list for what kind of interest rates lenders offer to the applicants. The rates keep on varying up to a certain extent depending upon the creditor, and the same happens with the terms and conditions associated with the loan. So it is advisable to choose your lender wisely, by working out the net payable interest using the online calculators generally provided by the lenders website. The information specific to the loan, its rate of interest and the clauses included within the terms and conditions can be obtained from the creditors portal. Once you decide upon your creditor, you might be asked to provide some additional information by your creditor for verification purposes. Some lenders call the bank or the employer to verify the authenticity of the application.Loan approval, disbursement, and turnaround timeOnce the loan is approved, the money gets electronically deposited in the bank account specified in the form. The process can take from a couple of hours to 48 hours depending on the creditor. Usually lenders supporting bad credit auto loan also support payday loans as a car buying option and generally deposit the credit within 24 hours. However, it is important to work out the specifics associated with the credit facility provided before giving the final confirmation to the loan provider. On your next payday after the loan disbursement, the actual loan amount and the interest charged will be debited from your bank account – the same account in which the loan credit is deposited. The process occurs in a predefined manner, and so manual activity is required on the part of the borrower to redeem the loan. Upon successful redemption, it is possible to again avail the payday loan from the same lender.Using payday loans to buy your carGetting bad credit car loans can be difficult. Availing a car loan in the form of a payday loan can be a good option. Even though one can buy a new car, it turns out to be more beneficial to avail a used car, since used cars cost less and are easily afforded. Majority of the lenders support payday loans to buying second hand or used cars because the loan amount required is less. The main advantages of payday loans are:o They are easy to avail.o The processing time involved is very less.o The credit ratings and credit scores do not play such an important part in deciding the loan disbursement.o The interest charged is less compared to traditional auto loans since the turnaround time of the loan is very less.o Almost all lenders will provide a free quotation that does need any commitment from the applicant to proceed ahead with the loan once the application is approved. The applicant has the option to reject the application if he or she happens to find a better loan provided. However, the loan application needs to be canceled before the disbursement is carried out.

SPDN: An Inexpensive Way To Profit When The S&P 500 Falls

Summary
SPDN is not the largest or oldest way to short the S&P 500, but it’s a solid choice.
This ETF uses a variety of financial instruments to target a return opposite that of the S&P 500 Index.
SPDN’s 0.49% Expense Ratio is nearly half that of the larger, longer-tenured -1x Inverse S&P 500 ETF.
Details aside, the potential continuation of the equity bear market makes single-inverse ETFs an investment segment investor should be familiar with.
We rate SPDN a Strong Buy because we believe the risks of a continued bear market greatly outweigh the possibility of a quick return to a bull market.
Put a gear stick into R position, (Reverse).
Birdlkportfolio

By Rob Isbitts

Summary
The S&P 500 is in a bear market, and we don’t see a quick-fix. Many investors assume the only way to navigate a potentially long-term bear market is to hide in cash, day-trade or “just hang in there” while the bear takes their retirement nest egg.

The Direxion Daily S&P 500® Bear 1X ETF (NYSEARCA:SPDN) is one of a class of single-inverse ETFs that allow investors to profit from down moves in the stock market.

SPDN is an unleveraged, liquid, low-cost way to either try to hedge an equity portfolio, profit from a decline in the S&P 500, or both. We rate it a Strong Buy, given our concern about the intermediate-term outlook for the global equity market.

Strategy
SPDN keeps it simple. If the S&P 500 goes up by X%, it should go down by X%. The opposite is also expected.

Proprietary ETF Grades
Offense/Defense: Defense

Segment: Inverse Equity

Sub-Segment: Inverse S&P 500

Correlation (vs. S&P 500): Very High (inverse)

Expected Volatility (vs. S&P 500): Similar (but opposite)

Holding Analysis
SPDN does not rely on shorting individual stocks in the S&P 500. Instead, the managers typically use a combination of futures, swaps and other derivative instruments to create a portfolio that consistently aims to deliver the opposite of what the S&P 500 does.

Strengths
SPDN is a fairly “no-frills” way to do what many investors probably wished they could do during the first 9 months of 2022 and in past bear markets: find something that goes up when the “market” goes down. After all, bonds are not the answer they used to be, commodities like gold have, shall we say, lost their luster. And moving to cash creates the issue of making two correct timing decisions, when to get in and when to get out. SPDN and its single-inverse ETF brethren offer a liquid tool to use in a variety of ways, depending on what a particular investor wants to achieve.

Weaknesses
The weakness of any inverse ETF is that it does the opposite of what the market does, when the market goes up. So, even in bear markets when the broader market trend is down, sharp bear market rallies (or any rallies for that matter) in the S&P 500 will cause SPDN to drop as much as the market goes up.

Opportunities
While inverse ETFs have a reputation in some circles as nothing more than day-trading vehicles, our own experience with them is, pardon the pun, exactly the opposite! We encourage investors to try to better-understand single inverse ETFs like SPDN. While traders tend to gravitate to leveraged inverse ETFs (which actually are day-trading tools), we believe that in an extended bear market, SPDN and its ilk could be a game-saver for many portfolios.

Threats
SPDN and most other single inverse ETFs are vulnerable to a sustained rise in the price of the index it aims to deliver the inverse of. But that threat of loss in a rising market means that when an investor considers SPDN, they should also have a game plan for how and when they will deploy this unique portfolio weapon.

Proprietary Technical Ratings
Short-Term Rating (next 3 months): Strong Buy

Long-Term Rating (next 12 months): Buy

Conclusions
ETF Quality Opinion
SPDN does what it aims to do, and has done so for over 6 years now. For a while, it was largely-ignored, given the existence of a similar ETF that has been around much longer. But the more tenured SPDN has become, the more attractive it looks as an alternative.

ETF Investment Opinion

SPDN is rated Strong Buy because the S&P 500 continues to look as vulnerable to further decline. And, while the market bottomed in mid-June, rallied, then waffled since that time, our proprietary macro market indicators all point to much greater risk of a major decline from this level than a fast return to bull market glory. Thus, SPDN is at best a way to exploit and attack the bear, and at worst a hedge on an otherwise equity-laden portfolio.